Maxton Scotland
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Fieldwalking Finds at Rutherford

Fieldwalking Finds

1) ‘Thumbnail’ scraper.
A late Neolithic piece, just the size of your thumbnail. Beautifully finished, but broken on the left hand side. Was so much time taken over knapping this tool just to scrape flesh off a skin?

2) Hammerstone. Harder stones used to break flints apart. These can be distinguished by their chipped edges, usually in one area, caused by constant blows. This example has been shaped to fit the hand. And from a tactile point of view, they fit into the hand well. Was this mudstone chosen for it’s striking two tone appearance?

Flint Flake
This is the largest flint flake I have found, and well apart from the other finds, on the site of recent timber felling, just sitting on top of an upturned clod of earth. A lucky find.

Variety of stone used for knapping in the area.
Various coloured flints, agates, quartz and chert. They’ve all been ‘knapped’ to some degree. Most are discarded debris, (debitage) by-products of the knapping process.

Flint scrapers.
The most common tool I’ve found. They were used to scrape fat and sinews off skins.

Flint ‘knife’
The knapper has deliberately blunted the top edge, opposite the cutting edge. It actually fits better into the left hand than the right, held just between finger and thumb.

Burnt Flints. Examples of discarded pieces casually thrown into the campfire? Or an attempt to harden the stones to decrease wear?

Thumbnail Scraper


Large Flint Flake

Knapped Stones

Flint Knife

Burnt Flints

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Date: 24/09/2009